Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world, but its exact origin is unknown. The earliest substantiated evidence of coffee drinking is from the early 15th century in the Sufi monasteries of Yemen before spreading across the world. Here’s a look at coffee culture across the globe today.
Egg coffee is a Vietnamese drink which is traditionally prepared with egg yolks, sugar, condensed milk and robusta coffee. The drink is made by beating egg yolks with sugar and coffee, then extracting the coffee into the half of the cup, followed by a similar amount of egg cream (egg yolks which are heated and beaten, or whisked).
Espresso is an Italian coffee, brewed by forcing a small amount of nearly boiling water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans. Espresso is generally thicker than coffee brewed by other methods, has a higher concentration of suspended and dissolved solids, and has “crema” (a foam with a creamy consistency) on top.
Americano is prepared by diluting an espresso with hot water, giving it a similar strength to, but different flavour from, traditionally brewed coffee. According to the popular belief, the origins of Americano can be traced back to WWII when the American soldiers had the habit of adding water to the espresso, which was too strong for their taste.
Café au lait, which literally means “coffee with milk” in French, is coffee with hot milk added. Café au lait is traditionally served with warm frothed milk on the side of a small coffee.
Turkish coffee is prepared using very finely ground coffee beans. The drink is usually served after meals from a long-handled copper pot called a “cezve”, accompanied by chewy Turkish candy.
Irish coffee, or “caife Gaelach” in Irish, is a drink consisting of hot coffee, Irish whiskey, and sugar, stirred, and topped with cream. The coffee is drank through the cream.
Café Cubano is a type of espresso beverage that originated in Cuba. The drink refers to an espresso shot which is sweetened (traditionally with natural brown sugar which has been whipped with the first and strongest drops of espresso).
Kafae Boran, which literally means “ancient coffee” in Thai, is traditional Thai coffee. The drink is mostly made with rubusta beans and served with sweetened, condensed milk.